A little bit about the barographs at Mount Washington Observatory

2011-09-02 19:40:43.000 – Roger Pushor,  Weather Observer/IT Specialist

Barograph at Mount Washington Observartory

Invented in 1843 by the Frenchman Lucien Vidie, a barograph is a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure and record atmospheric pressure over time.

The barographs at Mount Washington Observatory use aneroid cells acting through lever a train to drive a recording arm that has, at its extreme end a pen. A pen records on paper using ink, held in a knib. The recording chart is mounted on a cylindrical drum which is rotated slowly by clockwork. The clockwork on the barographs in the observatory rotates the drum once every four days. After four days the drum to which the graph is attached, is removed and at this point, the clockwork motor is wound.

Today, mechanical recording barographs for meteorological use have commonly been superseded by electronic weather instruments that use computer methods to record the barometric pressure. However, we continue to use the older mechanical recording barographs because of reliability, simplicity, consistency and accuracy. And since they’re spring wound they keep on recording, even during a power outage. Older mechanical barographs are highly prized by collectors as they make good display items, often being made of high quality woods and brass.

You’ll notice on the attached barograph chart, around mid-day on August 27th the barograph trace started to drop quickly. This is where hurricane Irene started to move through the area and the pressure started to fall quickly. By mid-day on the 28th,you’ll notice the pressure rapidly increasing as Irene departed the area. Ryan will have move detail on the weather observations around hurricane Irene on Monday after he finishes monthly check.

The characteristic of barometric tendency or the rising, steadiness or falling of the line traced by the pen is an indication of coming weather with falling pressure being an indication of a storm coming and rising pressure being an indication of clearing weather.


Roger Pushor,  Weather Observer/IT Specialist

Adjusting to Life on the Summit

November 22nd, 2023|Comments Off on Adjusting to Life on the Summit

Adjusting to Life on the Summit By Charlie Peachey Working on the summit of Mount Washington is not your average job. There aren't too many other places where the employees work and live together for

A Surprise Aurora

November 15th, 2023|Comments Off on A Surprise Aurora

A Surprise Aurora By Francis Tarasiewicz After 17 months of working at New England’s highest peak, it finally happened. On the night of November 12th, 2023, I was lucky enough to view the famous and

A Glimpse at METAR Reports

November 7th, 2023|Comments Off on A Glimpse at METAR Reports

A Glimpse at METAR Reports By Alexis George, Weather Observer & Meteorologist METAR observations are submitted every hour of every day at Mount Washington Observatory. METAR is a format for reporting weather information that gets

Find Older Posts